Attrition of 5A molecular sieve particles in fluidised beds.

by Nihal Mohamed Hamdy El Defrawy

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 860
Share This

Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph. D.)--The Queen"s University of Belfast, 1981.

segregation rates in pseudo-2D dense gas-fluidised beds. In their work, a 3-CCD colour camera was used to demonstrate that, using binary mixture of particles, the local mixture composition could be determined within 10% accuracy. Furthermore, they showed that even small bubbles and voidage waves could be detected with their technique. Molecular Sieve 5A Moisture Trap volume cc, fitting size 1/8 in. pricing. Molecular Sieve 5A Moisture Trap volume cc, fitting size 1/4 in. pricing. Molecular Sieve 5A Moisture Trap S-trap, fitting size 1/8 in. pricing. A catalyst composition prepared based on high solids formulation containing a zeolite, a binder precursor, a matrix and a slurring agent and a process for preparing a shaped catalyst product to be used in fluid catalytic cracking process for converting a heavier hydrocarbon fraction into a lighter hydrocarbons, particularly gasoline and light olefins. In order to obtain the adsorption mechanism and failure characteristics of CO2 adsorption by potassium-based adsorbents with different supports, five types of supports (circulating fluidized bed boiler fly ash, pulverized coal boiler fly ash, activated carbon, molecular sieve, and alumina) and three kinds of adsorbents under the modified conditions of K2CO3 theoretical loading (10%, 30%, and.

ISO certified personalized manufacturer of molecular sieves - 3a, 4a, 5a and 13x products which can be used in different industries based on their adsorbent requirements. The adsorbent molecular sieve offers a variety of adsorption applications based on molecular shape and size, its crystal structure make the high adsorption capacity. Fluidized beds have got a great application in the industries. So it is very important to understand aspects like type of distributor, particle shape and size, type of fluid etc. for the proper functioning of the fluidized beds. In the present work, hydrodynamics of the fluidized bed with regular particles . Abstract. There is disclosed an apparatus for forming a fluidized bed of circulating particles. In an embodiment, the apparatus includes a bottom portion having a sidewall, the sidewall defining a curvilinear profile, and the bottom portion configured to contain a bed of particles; and a gas inlet configured to produce a column of gas to carry entrained particles therein. If the particles in the bed are loose and there is sufficient volume in the device containing the particles, the particles may fluidize at high flow rates. Fluidized beds are used extensively in the chemical process industries, particularly for the cracking of high-molecular-weight petroleum fractions.

Abstract—This study investigates the segregation of dissimilar particles using fluidized bed. A continuous gas-solid fluidized bed with 11 cm inner diameter and 50 cm height is used. Binary particles are Al2O3 powder with two different mean diameters of , micron. ficiently much higher than a fluidized bed. Therefore, a cyclone did not afefct the fluidizing gas in this study, Gidaspow [17] excluded the effect of a cyclone in numerical analysis for a bubbling fluidized bed. Input values, which were physical proper-ties of the employed particles, were 22 µ m mean particle diameter. Lu Huilin, Shen Zhiheng, Jianmin Ding, Li Xiang, Liu Huanpeng, Numerical simulation of bubble and particles motions in a bubbling fluidized bed using direct simulation Monte-Carlo method, Powder Technology, /, , 3, (), ().

Attrition of 5A molecular sieve particles in fluidised beds. by Nihal Mohamed Hamdy El Defrawy Download PDF EPUB FB2

Journals & Books; Help Download full of the current work is to quantify the difference in attrition caused by adding different pow- ders to molecular sieve particles in a slugging fluidized bed, using a well designed experimental matrix, and to develop a phenomenalogical model for the attrition process.

and Kokkoris [14] that the rate Cited by: 6. Neil and Bridgwater found that Gwyn's model described their experimental data very well for the attrition of molecular sieve beads, heavy soda ash, and tetra-acetyl-ethylene-diamine particles in various systems such as the annular shear cell, fluidized bed, and screw pugmill [26,27].Cited by: 3.

Characteristics of attrition and adsorption were investigated to remove CO 2 in fluidized bed using activated carbon, activated alumina, molecular sieve 5 A and molecular sieve 13X. For every dry sorbent, attrition mainly still occurs in the early stage of fluidization and attrition indexs(AI) of molecular sieve 5A and molecular sieve 13X were higher than those of activated carbon and Cited by: 4.

The remaining weight of dry sorbents with time is shown in Fig. every dry sorbent, attrition mainly still occurs in the early stage of fluidization and AI test on the basis of the weight after 5 hours shows that AIs of molecular sieve 5A and molecular sieve 13X presented ~ times higher than those of activated carbon and activated alumina.

Characteristics of attrition and adsorption were investigated to remove CO2 in fluidized bedusing activated carbon, activated alumina, molecular sieve 5A and molecular sieve 13X.

Attrition of 5A molecular sieve particles in fluidised beds. Author: El Defrawy, Nihal. ISNI: Awarding Body: Queen's University of Belfast Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast Date of Award: Availability of Full Text. Molecular Sieve Desiccants. Molecular Sieves or Zeolite are normally used in the process of drying gases and liquids.

Molecular Sieves are a crystalline composition with uniform pores that is measured in angstroms. This composition makes Molecular Sieve more effective than other types of desiccants. Many other studies have discussed attrition and the deformation of particles, or breakage phenomenon using various shapes, materi-als (e.g., urea prills, TAED, sodium chloride, molecular sieve beads, heavy soda ash and alumina extrudates) and systems (e.g., shear cell, annular cell, phunamatic convares, fluidized beds, etc.) [].

Fluid bed granulation in the form of agglomeration and coating processes are important unit operations used for many purposes in the biochemical and pharmaceutical industries. Although being simple in the fundamental principles, such processes are difficult to control and fully understand.

Molecular Sieve SDS along with Molecular Sieve Spec Sheets updated by DelSORB Div. of Delta Adsorbents. Molecular sieve in stock.

Characteristics of attrition and adsorption were investigated to remove CO2 in fluidized bed using activated carbon, activated alumina, molecular sieve 5A and molecular sieve 13X. A molecular sieve is a material with pores (very small holes) of uniform size. These pore diameters are similar in size to small molecules, and thus large molecules cannot enter or be adsorbed, while smaller molecules a mixture of molecules migrate through the stationary bed of porous, semi-solid substance referred to as a sieve (or matrix), the components of highest molecular weight.

ting fixed bed air drying with molecular sieves. The air-water-molecular sieve system was used because there are many important uses for dry air in industry.

Some typical applications are industrial air conditioning, wind tunnels, food packaging, electronics, liquid. Zeolite molecular sieves are used in industrial applications since more than 60 years, mainly as highly efficient adsorbents for separation processes in gas or liquid phase.

Zeolite molecular sieves may be applied in powder form, preferably in static applications, but to a much larger extent as shaped material in both static and dynamic (flowing media) applications. Fluidized bed reactors are generally very large. They must be designed so that the fluid flowrate is sufficient to suspend the catalyst particles.

The particles typically range in size from 10 - microns. When designing a fluidized bed reactor, the catalyst life must also be taken into account. thesis include group A particles (aluminium oxide) fluidised at atmospheric pressure in an 8 cm internal diameter bed and at elevated pressure in a 15 cm internal diameter bed and group B particles (sand) fluidised at atmospheric pressure in a 15 cm internal diameter column.

The three areas that have been investigated are the use of particle. In a second step, the adsorption of (CH4CO2)-C-//H-2 on activated carbon and of CH4/N-2/H-2 on a 5A(o) molecular sieve was studied taking into consideration an interaction parameter for the.

AIChE | The Global Home of Chemical Engineers. Dual Fluidized Bed (DFB) gasification is a promising alternative method for the production of biofuels. In the DFB gasification process, the bed material, which is a crucial component of the process, has two possible roles: 1) to provide the heat needed for the gasification reaction; and 2).

Classify Particles Using Fluidized Beds Quarter Turn vs. Rising Stem: Who is in Control. Check out the valve choices that are available and make an informed decision on which one is right for your application.

Taking the example of natural gas drying with molecular sieves, the dehydration unit is typically designed by the molecular sieve manufacturer. This does not only involve choosing the right adsorbent(s), but also designing the adsorption and regeneration procedures so that the beds will be immediately efficient and resistant at once.

If the particles in the bed are lo ose and there is sufficient volume in the device containing the particles, the particles may fluidize at high flow rates. Fluidized beds are used extensively in the chemical process industries, particularly for the cracking of high-molecular-weight petroleum fractions.

The distinguishing feature of a fluidized bed that separates it from other processes (packed beds, filtration, etc.) is the movement of the individual particles in the bed. In order to obtain an - understanding of the characteristics that are unique to a fluidized bed, it is necessary to understand the importance of particle move­ ment.

Processes and catalyst systems are disclosed for performing Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis to produce C 4 + hydrocarbons, such as gasoline boiling-range hydrocarbons and/or diesel boiling-range hydrocarbons.

Advantageously, catalyst systems described herein have additional activity (beyond FT activity) for in situ hydroisomerization and/or hydrocracking of wax that is generated according to. - Excessive bed mobility and as a result high attrition of pellets - High specific pressure of pellets to each other at contact points 2.

Extrudates (cylinder, tri-lobe, quadri-lobe) - The minimum mobility of the adsorbed bed - The ability to use the technology of uniform load - Pellets minimal pressure on each other in contact along the generatrix.

moves the particles from one vessel to another — building up enough pres-sure to overcome the pressure in the lower vessel while also forming a pressure seal (or pressure head) that limits the upward gas flow from the lower vessel’s fluidized bed to the upper vessel. The particles are typi-cally moved between the vessels with a standpipe or.

The beds are filled with spherocylindrical particles (schematically shown in Figure 2) up to a packed bed height of approximately the bed width. Particle dimensions are given in Table 1. The particles are made of Alumide, a composite material of nylon and Aluminum dust which is.

Ehsan Mehrabi Gohari, Mohammad Sefid, Ebrahim Jahanshahi Javaran, Ataallah Soltani Goharrizi, Hydrodynamic simulation of a liquid–solid fluidized bed using Lattice Boltzmann and smoothed profile methods, Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, /apj, 12, 2, (), (). A catalyst composition that has superior attrition performance and a method that produces said catalyst composition to be used for fluid catalytic cracking processes to convert a heavy hydrocarbon fraction into mainly liquid fuels, particularly gasoline and light olefins.

The catalyst composition has a moisture level or loss on ignition below 12 wt % and attrition rate below 3 wt. %/hr. Sun & Houdrystarted developing moving bed process in 1stcommerc‐barrel/day unit commissioned at Magnolia’s Beaumont Refinery in Fluidized bed catalytic cracking Up‐flow dense phase particulate solid process credited to W.K.

Lewis, MIT Early adopters: Standard Oil of New Jersey. Particle segregation data at low gas velocity, near the minimum fluidizing velocity, are presented for particles of different size ( to μm) and density ( to kg/m 3) in a fluidized diagrams similar to those of liquid‐solid systems are developed to present the results.Molecular Sieves are crystalline, three-dimensional molecules made up of silicon and aluminum atoms 1,2.

The extensive networks that make up molecular sieves contain surface pores and channels which selectively absorb only molecules of a certain size and shape. .Simulation of Fluidized Beds and Other Fluid- lated using a method analogous to the Monte Carlo method for molecular systems.

Individual particles are moved, and the resulting moves are accepted or declined based ulation space containing 10 particles per repeating bed width can easily accommodate a system of 1, particles on initial.